SECURITY – WHEN VIDEO SURVEILLANCE BECOMES VIDEO PROTECTION

luxembourg security privacy defense police cyber

keywords: cctv, video surveillance, video protection, cameras, burglary, luxembourg.

Faced with threats to people and goods that are more present every day, the need for protection is only increasing. And while the role of the human being in monitoring its own environment is a major asset in terms of security, it does not appear sufficient to eliminate all the threats that surround it. The automation of surveillance by technology is then a valuable help, that is what gives us video surveillance.

While Nice is the city of France where the number of video surveillance cameras is the largest in the country, nevertheless the city suffered an attack on the ram truck of 14 July 2016 with extremely high number on fatalities, video surveillance did not allow to prevent the attack, even if a posteriori analysis of the videos shows that the imminent attack could have been detected.

This major failure has revived the debate on the relevance of video surveillance, its generalization, and the resulting invasion of privacy.

Video surveillance against terrorism.

In the face of rising terrorist risk in the West, legislations allow the use of video surveillance in geographically limited areas and whether the respect for privacy is guaranteed. Public places such as sensitive streets, railway stations, airports are thus video monitored continuously. The various national legislations allow the storage of recorded videos for a longer or shorter duration, generally around a week, if not used for the purposes of investigations they must then be erased or destroyed.

Video protection for homes and individuals.

With numerous burglaries recently in Luxembourg, homes and people also need security and often video is one of the solutions envisaged either collectively or individually. This is called video protection, the aim being to protect against delinquency and not to monitor.

The term “video protection” is much more neutral in terms of respect of privacy, and psychologically speaking the individual agrees to give up a part of his private life in order to better ensure protection. This term is more consensual.

A semantic shift

Even if the term “video protection” is much more sales-oriented, it is not merely a marketing question, it reflects the risk shift from public space (street, station, airport) to private space (schools, building, home).

And as the risks have no reason to shrink in the short term, we bet that the video protection will have fine years ahead.

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